Log in


Fact-Oriented Modeling (FOM) - Family, History and Differences

Months ago I talked to Stephan Volkmann, the student I mentor, about possibilities to write a seminar paper. One suggestion was to write about Information Modeling, namely FCO-IM, ORM2 and NIAM, siblings of the Fact-Orietented Modeling (FOM) family. In my opinion, FOM is the most powerful technique for building conceptual information models, as I wrote in a previous blogpost.

  • Geschrieben von Dirk Lerner
  • Zugriffe: 114

FastChangeCo - A Fictitious Company

The company FastChangeCo is a fictitious company I developed in 2015 to illustrate problems, challenges and opportunities our customer had in their projects. I used FastChangeCo successfully during my talks, workshops, trainings, coaching and projects.

FastChangeCo is a company founded in the early 20th century. Today, we would say it was a Start Up. The founder, Mr. Fast, had great ideas for building assembly lines which came up in the early 20th century used by Ford and others. During the following decades his company grew to become a big player in the nineties of the last century.
Nowadays, FastChangeCo has thousands of employees and thousands of products in different industries and billions of revenue.

  • Geschrieben von Dirk Lerner
  • Zugriffe: 267

Data Model Scorecard

Objective review and data quality goals of data models

Did you ever ask yourself which score your data model would achieve? Could you imagine  90%, 95% or even 100% across 10 categories of objective criteria?


Either way, if you answered with “no” or “yes”, recommend using something to test the quality of your data model(s). For years there have been methods to test and ensure quality in software development, like ISTQB, IEEE, RUP, ITIL, COBIT and many more. In data warehouse projects I observed test methods testing everything: loading processes (ETL), data quality, organizational processes, security, …
But data models? Never! But why?

  • Geschrieben von Dirk Lerner
  • Zugriffe: 342

The Data Doctrine

Message: Thank you for signing The Data Doctrine!

What a fantastic moment. I’ve just signed The Data Doctrine. What is the data doctrine? In a similar philosophy to the Agile Manifesto it offers us data geeks a data-centric culture:

Value Data Programmes1 Preceding Software Projects
Value Stable Data Structures Preceding Stable Code
Value Shared Data Preceding Completed Software
Value Reusable Data Preceding Reusable Code

While reading the data doctrine I saw myself looking around seeing all the lost options and possibilities in data warehouse projects because of companies, project teams, or even individuals ignoring the value of data by incurring the consequences. I saw it in data warehouse projects, struggling with the lack of stable data structures in source systems as well as in the data warehouse. In a new fancy system, where no one cares about which, what and how data was generated. And for a data warehouse project even worse, is the practice of keeping data locked with access limited to a few principalities of departments castles.
All this is not the way to get value out of corporate data, and to leverage it for value creation.

As I advocate flexible, lean and easily extendable data warehouse principles and practices, I’ll support the idea of The Data Doctrine to evolve the understanding for the need of data architecture as well as of data-centric principles.

So long,

1 To emphasize the point, we (the authors of The Data Doctrine) use the British spelling of “programme” to reinforce the difference between a data programme, which is a set of structured activities and a software program, which is a set of instructions that tell a computer what to do (Wikipedia, 2016).

  • Geschrieben von Dirk Lerner
  • Zugriffe: 538


  • Data Vault
  • Agile EDW
  • Conferences
  • Trainings
  • Bücher
  • Other
  • TDWI Roundtable

    Blogposts around the TDWI Roundtable Frankfurt.

  • Data Architecture
  • FOM

    Fact-Oriented Modeling (FOM) stands for a family of fact-oriented conceptual modeling methods. FOM facilitates easier communication about the conceptual model between the modeler and the domain expert by verbalization of concrete examples in the language of the domain expert, a design process as a guide for creating the model and the focus on elementary facts. The most popular methods in this family are Cognition Enhanced Natural Language Information Analysis Method (CogNIAM), Second Generation Object Role Modeling (ORM 2) and Fully Communication Oriented Information Modeling (FCO-IM).

  • General Modeling



Mostly Cloudy

Humidity: 59%

Wind: 6.44 km/h

  • 21 Sep 2017 19°C 6°C
  • 22 Sep 2017 19°C 6°C